The Proximal Antecedents of Violent Episodes (PAVE) scale is a 20-item measure of an individual’s perception and experience relating to the situational onset of violence in an intimate relationship. The measure was developed to differentiate among types of partner-related violence and includes three domains: Violence to Control, Violence Out of Jealousy, and Verbal Abuse.
High Psychometric Score
Sometimes there are situations when people are more likely to become PHYSICALLY aggressive than other times. Sometimes people feel that violence is justified, given the situation. Please indicate how likely it is that you would be physically aggressive in each of the following types of situations, if they were to arise.
Items are rated on a 6-point scale ranging from 1 (not at all likely) to 6 (extremely likely).
Responses are summed to create a total score.
Babcock, J. C., Costa, D. M., Green, C. E., & Eckhardt, C. I. (2004). What situations induce intimate partner violence? A reliability and validity study of the Proximal Antecedents to Violent Episodes (PAVE) scale. Journal of family psychology, 18(3), 433.
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing