Discrimination and Emotion Scale

The 16-item Discrimination and Emotion scale measures attitudes towards gender discrimination with regard to promotion opportunities in the workplace. The scale was tested in Australia.


ITEMS:

Please think about the opportunities that men and women may have for promotion in Australian society and respond to a set of statements about the way a person’s gender (whether a person is a man or a woman) may have an effect on his or her chances for promotion:

Male advantage
1. Men have an unfair advantage over women in getting promotions.
2. Women have been unfairly disadvantaged in getting promoted compared to men.

Female advantage
3. Men have been unfairly disadvantaged in getting promoted when compared to women.
4. These days women have an unfair advantage over men in promotions.

Male responsibility
5. Men are mainly to blame for how little opportunity women have had for promotion.
6. Men have been somewhat responsible for how little opportunity women have had for promotion.

Female responsibility
7. Women have been somewhat responsible for when they have failed to get ahead in their careers via promotion.
8. Women are mainly to blame when they fail to get ahead in their careers via promotion.

Male guilt
9. Men should feel guilty about the past and present inequality of Australian women in the workplace.
10. Men should feel guilty about the bad promotion outcomes women have received in the workplace that were brought about by men.

Female guilt
11. These days women should feel guilty about having an unfair advantage over men in gaining promotions.
12. Women should feel guilty about reducing opportunities that men have for promotion.

Resent male
13. It makes me angry when men are promoted over women who are just as well qualified.
14. I resent it when men get promoted over equally qualified women just because they are men.

Resent female
15. I resent it when women get promoted over equally qualified men just because they are women.
16. It makes me angry when women are promoted over men who are just as well qualified.

Response Options:
7-point Likert scale
Disagree strongly - 1
Unsureneutral - 4
Agree strongly - 7

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Australia

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:

Scoring Procedures:

Not Available

PRIMARY CITATION:

Feather, N. T., & Boeckmann, R. J. (2007). Beliefs about gender discrimination in the workplace in the context of affirmative action: Effects of gender and ambivalent attitudes in an Australian sample. Sex Roles, 57(1-2), 31-42. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-007-9226-0

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 3.50/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

HIGH

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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