The Stigmatizing Attitudes, Beliefs, and Actions Scale (SABAS) - Full Scale is an 18-item measure to assess stigmatizing attitudes and beliefs about abortion in Ghana and Zambia.
High Psychometric Score Multi-Country
1. Woman is committing a sin 2. Woman will make abortion a habit 3. Health never as good after abortion 4. Woman is bad mother 5. Encourage others to get abortions 6. Woman cannot be trusted 7. Woman brings shame to family 8. Woman brings shame to community 9. Respondent would tease a woman 10. Respondent would try to disgrace woman 11. May not be able to bear children 12. Respondent would point fingers 13. Woman should be treated the same 14. Prohibited from religious services 15. Respondent would continue to be friends 16. Woman makes others ill or sick 17 . Woman isolated for one month 18. Men get disease from women
Response Options 5-point Likert scale ranging from “strongly agree” to “strongly disagree.”
Scores were calculated by summing all 18 items for the total score and then the appropriate items for each of the three subscales (i.e., the three factors). Prior to computing scores, 16 of the 18 SABAS items were reverse coded so that a higher score would reflect more stigmatizing attitudes, beliefs, and actions.
Shellenberg, K. M., Hessini, L., & Levandowski, B. A. (2014). Developing a scale to measure stigmatizing attitudes and beliefs about women who have abortions: results from Ghana and Zambia. Women & health, 54(7), 599-616. https://doi.org/10.1080/03630242.2014.919982
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing