Stigmatizing Attitudes, Beliefs, and Actions Scale (SABAS) - Exclusion and Discrimination

The Stigmatizing Attitudes, Beliefs, and Actions Scale (SABAS): Exclusion and Discrimination is a 7 item subscale focusing on exclusionary or discriminatory attitudes/beliefs from the SABA measure to capture stigmatizing attitudes and beliefs about abortion

High Psychometric Score Multi-Country

ITEMS:

1. Respondent would tease a woman
2. Respondent would try to disgrace woman
3. May not be able to bear children
4. Respondent would point fingers
5. Woman should be treated the same
6. Prohibited from religious services
7. Respondent would continue to be friends

Response Options
5-point Likert scale ranging from “strongly agree” to “strongly disagree.”

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Ghana
Zambia

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Scores were calculated by summing all 18 items for the total score and then the appropriate items for each of the three subscales (i.e., the three factors). Prior to computing scores, 16 of the 18 SABAS items were reverse coded so that a higher score would reflect more stigmatizing attitudes, beliefs, and actions.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Shellenberg, K. M., Hessini, L., & Levandowski, B. A. (2014). Developing a scale to measure stigmatizing attitudes and beliefs about women who have abortions: results from Ghana and Zambia. Women & Health, 54(7), 599-616. https://doi.org/10.1080/03630242.2014.919982

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 6.00/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

High

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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