The Gender Equitable Men (GEM) Scale - Brazil is a 24-item measure of men's attitudes toward gender norms in Brazil. The items are separated into 2 domains: Inequitable Gender Norms and Equitable Gender Norms. This scale addresses a number of domains, including educational roles, employment roles, parental roles, marital roles, and social roles.
Geographies Tested: Brazil
Populations Included: Male
Age Range: Adolescents, Adults
*Items reverse coded during scoring
Agree - 3
Partially agree - 2
Do not agree - 1
Each item is coded such that higher values indicate more gender-equitable beliefs. Reverse coding is necessary for some items to ensure that scores are comparable for all variables. Item scores within each subscale are summed, then subscale scores are combined to create a total score. A continuous scale may be used, or the subscale scores and total score may be placed in one of three categories: low, medium, and high support for gender-equitable norms.
Pulerwitz, J., & Barker, G. (2008). Measuring attitudes toward gender norms among young men in Brazil: Development and psychometric evaluation of the GEM Scale. Men and Masculinities, 10(3), 322–338. https://doi.org/10.1177/1097184X06298778
Ease of Use Score
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing