Attitude Toward Potential Pregnancy Scale (APPS)

The Attitudes Towards Potential Pregnancy Scale (APPS) is a 5-item measure that captures a variety of aspects of pregnancy attitude, including importance of becoming pregnant, importance of avoiding pregnancy, and how worried, happy, and/or upset the participant would feel if she were pregnant.


High Psychometric ScoreShort Measure

ITEMS:

1. How much do you want to be pregnant now?

Response Options:
5-point Likert scale
Not at all - 1
Very much - 5

2. How important is it to you to avoid becoming pregnant now?*

Response Options:
5-point Likert scale
Not at all important - 1
Very important - 5

3. How worried would you be if you were pregnant now?*

Response Options:
5-point Likert scale
Not worried at all - 1
Extremely worried - 5

4. How upset would you be if you were pregnant now?*

Response Options:
5-point Likert scale
Not at all upset- 1
Extremely upset - 5

5. How happy would you be if you were pregnant now?

Response Options:
5-point Likert scale
Very unhappy - 1
Very happy - 5

*Items are reverse scored

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female

AGE RANGE:
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

The score is the sum of the five items, with possible scores ranging from 5 to 25. Higher scores correspond to more positive pregnancy attitudes.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Paterno, M. T., & Han, H. R. (2014). Development and psychometric testing of the attitude toward potential pregnancy scale. Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Neonatal Nursing, 43(6), 710-718. https://doi.org/10.1111/1552-6909.12511

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 5.50/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

LOW

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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