Norms around Sexual Initiation and Contraceptive Use

The Norms around Sexual Initiation and Contraceptive Use is a 7-item measure to assess norms around premarital sex and contraceptive use. The scale has 3 items on descriptive norms and 4 on injunctive norms.


ITEMS:

1. Most of my friends are having sex before marriage.
2. Most of my friends think female adolescents do not have to maintain their virginity.
3. Most adolescent girls talk to their partners/boyfriends about contraceptives.
4. Most of my friends think it is cool to have sex at my age.
5. Most of my friends think that adolescents who do not have sex before marriage are old-fashioned.
6. A woman who uses contraception without her husband’s knowledge should be punished.*
7. Most of my friends would approve of my using contraceptives.

*Item is reverse scored

Response Options:
Strongly agree - 1
Somewhat agree - 2
Somewhat disagree - 3
Somewhat disagree - 4
Don’t know - 98

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Nigeria

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Scores for individual items are summed, ranging from 7 to 28. Higher scores indicate a more unfavorable view toward premarital sex and contraceptive use.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Agha, S., Morgan, B., Archer, H., Paul, S., Babigumira, J. B., & Guthrie, B. L. (2021). Understanding how social norms affect modern contraceptive use. BMC Public Health, 21(1), 1061. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11110-2

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 5.00/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

MEDIUM

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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