Hypermasculine Values Questionnaire (HVQ)

The Hypermasculine Values Questionnaire (HVQ) is a 26-item measure of stereotypically masculine values among men working in a variety of fields.


Geographies Tested: United Kingdom

Populations Included: Male

Age Range: Adults


1. Wife-swapping is fine as long as both men agree.
2. Real men don't give up because of fear.
3. Men who take part in yoga or ballet deserve to be ridiculed.
4. Real mean don't back away from barroom confrontations.
5. There is too much emphasis on being tough for men.*
6. Women do not necessarily go for mach-looking males.*
7. A romantic dinner with your partner is preferable to an evening drinking with the 'lads'.*
8. It's a good thing for men to cry.*
9. Physical strength is no longer an important part of manhood.*
10. Sex is essentially a passive activity for women.
11. 'Might is right' sums up a lot of the time.
12. There's no such thing as a good war.*
13. 'Nuke the bastards' is the only response sometimes.
14. Men should be able to hold their drink.
15. Some of the 'initiation' ceremonies in all-male institutions such as the army are dangerous and should be stopped.*
16. Heavy drinking is a problem not a sign of masculinity.*
17. A lot of nonsense is talked about sexual technique, you're either adequate or you're not.
18. I don't regard homosexuals as men.
19. A sensitive man is a weak man.
20. A cat is no sort of pet for a boy.
21. There are too many wimps and cowards around today.
22. Nursing is a perfectly acceptable occupation for a man.*
23. It is acceptable for a man to complain or even cry when he is in pain.*
24. Men should not regard women as sex objects.*
25. There's too much nonsense talked about so-called sexual harassment.
26. It does not seem right for a man to let a woman drive the car.

*Items are reverse scored

Response Options:
7-point Likert scale

Scoring Procedures

The mean of all item scores is calculated for the total measure score.

Original Citation

Archer, J. (2010). Derivation and assessment of a hypermasculine values questionnaire. British Journal of Social Psychology, 49(Pt 3), 525-551.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


Join the EMERGE Community

to get the latest updates on new measures and guidance for survey researchers