Subjective Overachievement Scale (SOS): Self-Doubt

The Subjective Overachievement Scale (SOS): Self-Doubt subscale is an 8-item measure designed to identify subjective overachievers, or individuals who are concerned about having successful performances yet are doubtful about possessing the underlying talent or ability to achieve success. This measure was developed along with the Subjective Overachievement Scale (SOS): Concern with Performance, found here.

High Psychometric Score

ITEMS:

1. When engaged in an important task, most of my thoughts turn to bad things that might happen (e.g., failing) than to good.
2. For me, avoiding failure has a greater emotional impact (e.g., sense of relief) than the emotional impact of achieving success (e.g., joy, pride).
3. More often than not I feel unsure of my abilities.
4. I sometimes find myself wondering if I have the ability to succeed at important activities.
5. I often wish that I felt more certain of my strengths and weaknesses.
6. As I begin an important activity, I usually feel confident in my ability.*
7. Sometimes I feel that I don’t know why I have succeeded at something.
8. As I begin an important activity, I usually feel confident in the likely outcome.*

* Reverse-coded items

Response Options:
Disagree very much - 1
Disagree pretty much - 2
Disagree a little - 3
Agree a little - 4
Agree pretty much - 5
Agree very much - 6

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Mean and median the scores are calculated.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Oleson, K. C., Poehlmann, K. M., Yost, J. H., Lynch, M. E., & Arkin, R. M. (2000). Subjective overachievement: Individual differences in self doubt and concern with performance. Journal of Personality, 68(3), 491-524.

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-Retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 5.50/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

High

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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