Cambodia Socio-Economic Survey 2003-2004: Natural Energy Resources

The Natural Energy Resources measure includes 4 multi-item questions from the 2003-2004 Cambodian Household Socio-Economic Survey. This measure assesses the availability, usability, and depletion of natural and or energy resources for village residents. One item in particular inquires whether natural resources can be legally obtained by residents.


Geographies Tested: Cambodia

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults


1. Does the village have access to the following energy sources…?

  • Electricity
  • Gas
  • Gasoline

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2

2. Are there any of the following common natural resources available to the people of this village?

  • Land for cultivation
  • Firewoodcharcoal to be collected
  • Timber to be taken for house construction
  • Fish to be caught from lake or river
  • Bamboo to be taken
  • Open land for animal grazing
  • Fruits to be picked
  • Wild animals for hunting

Response Options:

Yes, legally - 1
Not legally - 2
No, not at all - 3

3. [Describe the] availability of __ in the last 5 years?

Note: Complete for each of the “common natural resources” listed in the previous question.

Response Options:
Increased - 1
Stayed the same - 2
Diminished - 3

4. Is there depletion through overuse of this resource at present?

Note: Complete for each of the “common natural resources” listed in the previous question.

Response Options:
Yes, a lot - 1
Yes, some - 2
No - 3

Scoring Procedures

Not Applicable

Original Citation

Royal Government of Cambodia Ministry of Planning National Institute of Statistics. (2005). Household Socio-Economic Survey 2003-04 Village Questionnaire.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


Join the EMERGE Community

to get the latest updates on new measures and guidance for survey researchers