The Internalized Misogyny Scale (IMS) is a 17-item measure of a woman’s internalized cultural devaluation of women. Different features captured by this scale include distrust of women, devaluing of women, and valuing men over women.
Geographies Tested: United States of America
Populations Included: Female
Age Range: Adolescents, Adults
1.Women exaggerate problems they have at work
2.Women are too easily offended
3.Women seek to gain power by getting control over men
4.When women lose to men in a fair competition, they typically complain about being discriminated against
5.It is generally safer not to trust women too much
6.When it comes down to it a lot of women are deceitful
7.I think that most women would lie just to get ahead
8.I am sure I get a raw deal from other women in my life
9.Sometimes other women bother me by just being around
10.I believe that most women tell the truth
11.When I am in a group consisting of equal numbers of men and women and a woman dominates the conversation I feel uncomfortable
12.I am uncomfortable when I hear a woman speaking with authority on male dominated topics such as football or horseracing
13.I prefer to listen to male radio announcers than female
14.The intellectual leadership of a community should be largely in the hands of men
15.I prefer to work for a male boss
16.If I were to beat another woman for a job I would feel more satisfied than if I beat a man
17.Generally, I prefer to work with men
Each item is rated on a 7-point Likert scale from 1 (strongly disagree) to 7 (strongly agree).
Scores from individual items are used to calculate a mean score, with higher scores indicating more internalized misogyny.
Szymanski, D. M., Gupta, A., Carr, E. R., & Stewart, D. (2009). Internalized misogyny as a moderator of the link between sexist events and women’s psychological distress. Sex Roles, 61(1-2), 101-109.
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Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
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Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing