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TIME SPENT BY CHILDREN ON PHYSICAL AND SEDENTARY ACTIVITIES

The Time Spent by Children on Physical and Sedentary Activities – China measure includes 9 items from the 2015 China Economic, Population, Nutrition, and Health Survey also referred to as the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). Items asked parents or guardians of children under age 6, or children over the age of 6, about the time spent on different types of sedentary (TV watching, video games, etc.) and physical activities (track, soccer, etc.) during the week. The CHNS is a multi-province survey aimed at understanding how social, economic, and governmental policies (e.g., family planning efforts) affect the health and nutrition of Chinese residents. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns), and similar items asked of children over age 6 have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire here.

Categories

Geographies Tested: China

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults, Children

Items:

1. How many hours each day do you usually sleep, including daytime and nighttime? (hours)

Response Options:
Two digit numeric value (if “unknown”, record as “-9”)

2. Usually, do you do any physical exercises (e.g., running, using playground equipment, playing soccer or other sports) in preschool facilities, athletic schools, or at home?

Response Options:
No - 0
Yes - 1
Unknown - 9

3. How many hours do you spend doing physical exercises each week?

Response Options:
Two digit numeric value (if “unknown”, record as “-9”)

Instructions: Ask the questions 4-6 about each sedentary activity type and then record the answers.

[Sedentary Activity Type:]

  • TV
  • Videotapes,VCDs,DVDs
  • Watching movies and videos online or on a smartphone
  • Video games
  • Surfing the internet
  • Participating in chat rooms including QQ and WeChat
  • Playing computersmartphone games, etc.
  • Reading (books, newspapers and magazines), writing, drawing
  • Toy cars, puppets, board games

4. Do you participate in this activity?

Response Options:
No - 0
Yes - 1
Unknown - 9

5. How much time do you spend during a typical day? Monday – Friday
6. How much time do you spend during a typical day? Saturday – Sunday

Response Options:
Four-digit numeric value recorded in “hours:minutes” format (if “unknown”, record as “-9:99”)

Instructions: Ask questions 7 - 9 about each physical activity type and then record the answers.

[Physical Activity Type:]

  • Martial arts (Kung Fu, etc.)
  • Gymnastics, dancing, acrobatics
  • Track and field (running, etc.), swimming
  • Walking
  • Soccer, basketball, tennis
  • Badminton, volleyball
  • Other (ping pong, Tai Chi, etc.)

7. Do you participate in this activity before or after school or on the weekend?

Response Options:
No - 0
Yes - 1
Unknown - 9

8. How much time do you spend during a typical day? Monday – Friday
9. How much time do you spend during a typical day? Saturday – Sunday

Response Options:
Four digit numeric value recorded in “hours:minutes” format (if “unknown”, record as “- 9:99”)

Scoring Procedures

Not Applicable

Original Citation

Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). China Economic, Population, Nutrition, and Health Survey 2015 Individual Questionnaire. https://www.cpc.unc.edu/projects/china/data/questionnaires/C15Individual_Eng.pdf

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