Gendered Norms About Romantic Engagement Early in Adolescence

The Gendered Norms about Romantic Engagement Early in Adolescence scale consists of 10 items in two sub-scales including sexual double standards and adolescent romantic expectations. The scale was developed from the Global Early Adolescents Study (GEAS), a study that focuses on gender norms and related health outcomes amongst very young adolescents (ages 10-14 years old) in fourteen countries. This scale is a shorter, validated version of the items here.


High Psychometric Score Multi-Country

ITEMS:

Sexual Double Standard
1. Boys have girlfriends to show off to their friends
2. Adolescent boys fool girls into having sex
3. Boys tell girls they love them when they don’t
4. Adolescent boys lose interest in a girl after they have sex with her
5. Adolescent girls should avoid boys because they trick them into having sex
6. Girls are the victims of rumors if they have boyfriends

Adolescent Romantic Expectations
1. It’s normal for a boy your age to want a girlfriend
2. A boy should be able to have a girlfriend if he wants to
3. A girl should be able to have a boyfriend if she wants to
4. It’s normal for a girl to want a boyfriend at your age

Response Options:
Disagree a lot - 1
Disagree a little - 2
Neither agree nor disagree - 3
Agree a little - 4
Agree a lot - 5

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Belgium
Bolivia
Burkina Faso
China
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Ecuador
Egypt
India
Kenya
Malawi
Nigeria
South Africa
United Kingdom
United States of America
Vietnam

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

The mean of each subscale is calculated, resulting in a score than ranges from 1-5. Higher value of Sexual Double Standard scale indicates more gender unequal perspective of imbalanced roles of adolescent boys and girls in romantic relationship engagement, whereas higher score from Adolescent Romantic Expectations scale suggests more gender equal view toward adolescent romantic relationship engagement.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Moreau, C., Li, M., De Meyer, S., Vu Manh, L., Guiella, G., Acharya, R., Bello, B., Maina, B., & Mmari, K. (2019). Measuring gender norms about relationships in early adolescence: Results from the global early adolescent study. SSM Population Health, 7, 014-014. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2018.10.014

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 6.50/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

LOW

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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