Household Level Empowerment

Household Level Empowerment is an 11-item tool designed to measure women’s empowerment in India in relation to one’s own health and wellbeing using women’s self-efficacy related constructs. It asks items on bodily integrity, economics, decision-making and interaction with non-family groups and public visibility. Items are adapted from the India Human Development Survey-II (IHDS-II).

ITEMS:

1.Who has most say about how many children you have
2.Who has most say about what to do when you fall sick
3.Who has most say whether to buy an expensive item
4.Who has most say about whether to buy land or property
5.Who has most say about how much to spend on a social function
6.Can you go alone (or need permission) to the local health center
7.Can you go alone (or need permission) to home of relatives/friends in the village/neighbourhood
8.Whether you are a member of a Mahila Mandal
9.Whether you are a member of a self-help group
10.Whether you are a member of a credit/savings group
11.Whether you have attended any public meeting/gram sabha/ward committee in the last year

Response Options:
No/I have no say - 0
Yes/I have most say - 1

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

India

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Items are summed for the index score. The index takes the value from 0 to 11 with increasing scores corresponding with higher levels of empowerment.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Samanta, T. (2020). Women's empowerment as self-compassion?: Empirical observations from India. PLoS ONE, 15(5), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0232526

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 4.50/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

No

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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