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Adaptive and Maladaptive Gender Roles

Adaptive and Maladaptive Gender Roles is a 12-item measure of personal identification with various masculine and feminine gender roles among adolescents.

Categories

Geographies Tested: United States of America

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents

Items:

Adaptive Masculinity (Assertive Masculinity)
1. When I'm with my friends, I am a good leader
2. I express my opinion even when others disagree
3. I have clear goals for myself

Maladaptive Masculinity (Aggressive Masculinity)
4. I am rude to others
5. I am an aggressive person
6. I ignore rules that get in my way

Adaptive Femininity (Affective Femininity)
7. I am a sweet person
8. I really want to know how others are feeling
9. When someone feels bad, I try to make them feel better

Maladaptive Femininity (Submissive Femininity)
10. When someone pressures me to do something, I just give in
11. I have trouble making decisions
12. I spend time worrying about things

Response Options
5-point Likert scale
Rarely - 0
Always - 4

Scoring Procedures

Responses to the Likert scale are added to get overall scores for each of the four dimensions of adaptive and maladaptive gender roles

Original Citation

Kulis, S., Marsiglia, F. F., & Nagoshi, J. L. (2012). Gender roles and substance use among Mexican American adolescents: a relationship moderated by acculturation? Substance Use & Misuse, 47(3), 214-229. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2011.630438

Psychometric Score

Citation Frequency

Ease of Use Score

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

Reliability

Internal

Test-retest

Interrater

Validity

Content

Face

Criterion (gold-standard)

Construct

Ease of Use

Readability

Scoring Clarity

Length

KEY