The Community Collectivisation Indicators measure captures three distinct dimensions or subscales of collectivisation: collective efficacy, collective agency and collective action. Collective efficacy refers to Female Sex Workers' (FSW) confidence in the power of the community to work together for positive change in the interest of the community. Collective agency refers to FSWs’ ability to claim their rights and make others accountable for their rights. Collective action refers to the pursuit of a goal or set of goals by two or more individuals who work together.
Geographies Tested: India
Populations Included: Female
Age Range: Adolescents, Adults
1. Keep each other safe from harm
2. Increase condom use with clients
3. Speak up for your rights
4. Improve your lives
Not at all - 1
Somewhat - 2
Very - 3
Completely confident - 4
In the past 6 months, have you negotiated with or stood up to the following stakeholders in order to help a fellow sex worker?
7. Local goon (gang member)
8. Clients or any other sexual partner
Yes - 1
No - 2
Whether the sex workers group comes together to demandhelp for the following:
9. Voters’ card
10. Bank account
11. Free education for children
12. Health insurance
13. Representation in government forums
14. Better government health services
Yes - 1
No - 2
Scores are averaged and varied from 1 to 2.533.
Parimi, P., Mishra, R. M., Tucker, S., & Saggurti, N. (2012). Mobilising community collectivisation among female sex workers to promote STI service utilisation from the government healthcare system in Andhra Pradesh, India. J Epidemiol Community Health, 66(Suppl 2), ii62-ii68.
Ease of Use Score
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing