The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale is a 25-item self-reported measure of personal resilience. Items were based on Kobasa, 1979, Rutter, 1985, and Lyons, 1991. Different aspects of resilience captured by this scale include one’s ability to have hardiness, cope with change, achieve personal goals, and make difficult decisions.
High Psychometric Score
Instructions: For each item, please mark an "x" in the box below that best indicates how much you agree with the following statements as they apply to you over the last month. If a particular situation has not occurred recently, answer according to how you think you would have felt.
1. Able to adapt to change 2. Close and secure relationships 3. Sometimes fate or God can help 4. Can deal with whatever comes 5. Past success gives confidence for new challenge 6. See the humorous side of things 7. Coping with stress strengthens 8. Tend to bounce back after illness or hardship 9. Things happen for a reason 10. Best effort no matter what 11. You can achieve your goals 12. When things look hopeless, I don't give up 13. Know where to turn for help 14. Under pressure, focus and think clearly 15. Prefer to take the lead in problem solving 16. Not easily discouraged by failure 17. Think of self as strong person 18. Make unpopular or difficult decisions 19. Can handle unpleasant feelings 20. Have to act on a hunch 21. Strong sense of purpose 22. In control of your life 23. I like challenges 24. You work to attain your goals 25. Pride in your achievements
Response Options: Not true at all - 0 Rarely true - 1 Sometimes true - 2 Often true - 3 True nearly all of the time - 4
Scores from all 25 items are summed to create a scale total that ranges from 0 (less resilience) to 100 (greater resilience).
Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R. (2003). Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC). Depression and anxiety, 18(2), 76-82. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.10113
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing