Afterschool Connectedness is an 8-item subscale of the Collective Efficacy Among Children Scale (CE-ACS). This measure is used to evaluate the degree to which elementary school children participating in an afterschool program feel safe and close to program staff and other children (social cohesion). The full CE-ACS also includes a second subscale, “Willingness to Intervene,” which is used to assess informal social control and can be found here.
Geographies Tested: United States of America
Populations Included: Female, Male
Age Range: Adolescents, Children
1. I feel close to people at my afterschool program.
2. I feel like I am a part of my afterschool program.
3. I am happy to be at my afterschool program.
4. The staff at my afterschool program treat children fairly.
5. I have trouble getting along with the staff at my afterschool program.*
6. I feel that my afterschool program staff cares about me.
7. I feel safe in my afterschool program.
8. I like the children in my afterschool program.
*Item is reverse coded
Not true - 1
Sometimes true - 2
Very true - 3
The subscale score is based on the average (mean) of the above 8 items.
Smith, E. P., Osgood, D. W., Caldwell, L., Hynes, K., & Perkins, D. F. (2013). Measuring collective efficacy among children in community-based afterschool programs: Exploring pathways toward prevention and positive youth development. American Journal of Community Psychology, 52(1-2), 27-40. doi: 10.1007/s10464-013-9574-6
Ease of Use Score
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing