General Perceived Self-Efficacy Scale

The Generalized Self-Efficacy scale is a self-reported measure that includes 10 items designed to assess individual perceptions about self-efficacy, based on the original Generalized Self-Efficacy scale (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1995). Different aspects of self-efficacy—that is, an optimistic sense of personal competence—captured by the scale include determination, problem-solving, and ability to cope.


Multi-Country

ITEMS:

  1. I can always manage to solve difficult problems if I try hard enough.
  2. If someone opposes me, I can find the means and ways to get what I want.
  3. I am certain that I can accomplish my goals.
  4. I am confident that I could deal efficiently with unexpected events.
  5. Thanks to my resourcefulness, I can handle unforeseen situations.
  6. I can solve most problems if I invest the necessary effort.
  7. I can remain calm when facing difficulties because I can rely on my coping abilities.
  8. When I am confronted with a problem, I can find several solutions.
  9. If I am in trouble, I can think of a good solution.
  10. I can handle whatever comes my way.

Response Options:
Not at all true - 1
Hardly true - 2
Moderately true - 3
Exactly true - 4

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Belgium
Canada
China
Costa Rica
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
India
Indonesia
Iran
Italy
Japan
Korea
South
Netherlands
Peru
Poland
Portugal
Russia
Spain
Syria
United Kingdom
United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

The possible response range for each item is 1 to 4. Responses to all 10 items are summed with final score values ranging from 10 to 40; higher scores indicate greater self-efficacy.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Scholz, U., Doña, B. G., Sud, S., & Schwarzer, R. (2002). Is general self-efficacy a universal construct? Psychometric findings from 25 countries. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 18(3), 242-251. https://doi.org/10.1027//1015-5759.18.3.242

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 3.00/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

HIGH

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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