The Employing Workers measure uses 9 items from the 2019 World Bank Doing Business Survey-a project to measure the regulations and enforcement of these regulations on small and medium sized companies in the private sector of 190 countries. The Employing Workers module asks about laws regarding hiring practices, overtime compensation, maternity leave and existence of anti-discrimination laws based on gender and membership within a disadvantaged group. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire located here.
Geographies Tested: Afghanistan,Albania,Algeria,Angola,Antigua and Barbuda,Argentina,Armenia,Australia,Austria,Azerbaijan,Bahrain,Bangladesh,Barbados,Belarus,Belgium,Belize,Benin,Bhutan,Bolivia,Bosnia and Herzegovina,Botswana,Brazil,Brunei,Bulgaria,Burkina Faso,Burundi,Cambodia,Cameroon,Canada,Cape Verde,Central African Republic,Chad,Chile,China,Colombia,Comoros,Democratic Republic of the Congo,Republic of the Congo,Costa Rica,Cote d'Ivoire,Croatia,Cyprus,Czech Republic,Denmark,Djibouti,Dominica,Dominican Republic,East Timor Timor-Leste,Ecuador,Egypt,El Salvador,Equatorial Guinea,Eritrea,Estonia,Ethiopia,Fiji,Finland,France,Gabon,Georgia,Germany,Ghana,Greece,Grenada,Guatemala,Guinea,Guinea-Bissau,Guyana,Haiti,Honduras,Hungary,Iceland,India,Indonesia,Iran,Iraq,Ireland,Israel,Italy,Jamaica,Japan,Jordan,Kazakhstan,Kenya,Kiribati,Korea, South,Kosovo,Kuwait,Kyrgyzstan,Laos,Latvia,Lebanon,Lesotho,Liberia,Libya,Liechtenstein,Lithuania,Luxembourg,Macedonia,Madagascar,Malawi,Malaysia,Maldives,Mali,Malta,Marshall Islands,Mauritania,Mauritius,Mexico,Micronesia, Federated States of,Moldova,Mongolia,Montenegro,Morocco,Mozambique,Myanmar (Burma),Namibia,Nauru,Nepal,Netherlands,New Zealand,Nicaragua,Niger,Nigeria,Norway,Oman,Pakistan,Palau,Panama,Papua New Guinea,Paraguay,Peru,Philippines,Poland,Portugal,Qatar,Romania,Russia,Rwanda,Saint Kitts and Nevis,Saint Lucia,Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,Samoa,San Marino,Saudi Arabia,Senegal,Serbia,Seychelles,Sierra Leone,Singapore,Slovakia,Slovenia,Solomon Islands,Somalia,South Africa,South Sudan,Spain,Sri Lanka,Sudan,Suriname,Sweden,Switzerland,Syria,Taiwan,Tajikistan,Tanzania,Thailand,The Bahamas,The Gambia,Togo,Tonga,Trinidad and Tobago,Tunisia,Turkey,Uganda,Ukraine,United Arab Emirates,United Kingdom,United States of America,Uruguay,Uzbekistan,Vanuatu,Vatican City,Venezuela,Vietnam,Yemen,Zambia,Zimbabwe
Populations Included: Female, Male
Age Range: Adults
Equal treatment and gender
1.A Does the law mandate that women and men be given equal remuneration for work of equal value (in compliance with ILO standards)?
Equal remuneration refers to rates of all remuneration (including but not limited to overtime, cash value benefits, work materials, family allowances, scholarships, incentives) established without discrimination based on sex. Work of equal value refers not only to the same or similar work, but also to different work of the same value.
2. Are there laws mandating nondiscrimination in hiring on the basis of gender?
3. Assuming that, as an exception, the employer is requesting the employee to perform some of hisher 40 hours during the employee’s weekly rest day (NOT overtime). What are, if any, the restrictions on work during day of weekly rest in the food retail industry? (i.e. limitation in the number of hours worked on day of weekly rest in the food retail industry (i.e. limitation in the number of hours worked on day of weekly rest, restrictions applying to certain categories of workers, such as non-pregnant and non-nursing women).
4. Can women work the same night hours as men in the food retail industry? This question only refers to non-pregnant women and non-nursing mothers.
5. Does the law mandate paid or unpaid maternity leave? In this question, leave can be paid or unpaid, as long as the government explicitly mandates some form of leave.
6. What is the mandatory minimum length of paid maternity leave (in calendar days)? This is the minimum number of days of leave that legally have to be paid for by the government, the employer or both. When maternity leave is not explicitly mentioned in the law, please refer to parental leave.
_____ [Number of Calendar Days]
7. What percentage of wages does a woman receive while on maternity leave?
_____ [Percentage of Wages]
Please explain the legal basis:
Skills development and training
8. Are there financial incentives (e.g. tax deductions, cost reimbursements etc.) for firms to provide apprenticeships, traineeships or internships to disadvantaged groups? (Disadvantaged groups include, but are not limited to, people with disabilities, ethnic minorities, recently unemployed workers and people with criminal records)
Other, please specify
Please provide the legal basis.
9. Does the law mandate nondiscrimination in training based on gender? (Including trainings, such as apprenticeships, traineeships, and internships)
Please explain the legal basis.
* Numeric codes for the Response Options above were not provided in the original questionnaire.
World Bank Group. (2019). Doing Business 2019 - Labor Market Regulation Questionnaire. https://www.doingbusiness.org/content/dam/doingBusiness/media/Methodology/Survey-Instruments/DB19/DB19-LMR-questionnaire-en.pdf
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