Attitudes Toward Women Scale for Adolescents (AWSA)

The Atttiudes Toward Women Scale for Adolescents (AWSA) is a 12-item adaptation of the Attitudes Toward Scale-Short Version that was designed to be better understood among young adolescents. Items assess views on gender roles in work, school, family and finances.


High Psychometric Score

ITEMS:

1. Swearing is worse for a girl than for a boy.
2. On a date, the boy should be expected to pay all expenses.
3. On the average, girls are as smart as boys.*
4. More encouragement in a family should be given to sons than daughters to go to college.
5. It is all right for a girl to want to play rough sports like football.*
6. It is all right for a girl to ask a boy out on a date.
7. In general, the father should have greater authority than the mother in making family decisions.*
8. It is more important for boys than girls to do well in school.
9. If both husband and wife have jobs, the husband should do a share of the housework such as washing dishes and doing the laundry.*
10. Boys are better leaders than girls.
11. Girls should be more concerned with becoming good wives and mother than desiring a professional or business career.
12. Girls should have the same freedoms as boys.*

*Items are reverse scored

Response Options:
4-point Likert scale
Agree strongly - 1
Disagree strongly - 4

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Item scores are averaged to create the total scale score. Higher scores indicate less traditional attitudes toward women.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Galambos, N. L., Petersen, A. C., Richards, M., & Gitelson, I. B. (1985). The Attitudes Toward Women Scale for Adolescents (AWSA): A study of reliability and validity. Sex Roles, 13(5/6), 343-356. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00288090

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-Retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 6.00/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

HIGH

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

You have successfully registered

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

EMERGE will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.