The Atttiudes Toward Women Scale for Adolescents (AWSA) is a 12-item adaptation of the Attitudes Toward Scale-Short Version that was designed to be better understood among young adolescents. Items assess views on gender roles in work, school, family and finances.
High Psychometric Score
1. Swearing is worse for a girl than for a boy.
2. On a date, the boy should be expected to pay all expenses.
3. On the average, girls are as smart as boys.*
4. More encouragement in a family should be given to sons than daughters to go to college.
5. It is all right for a girl to want to play rough sports like football.*
6. It is all right for a girl to ask a boy out on a date.
7. In general, the father should have greater authority than the mother in making family decisions.*
8. It is more important for boys than girls to do well in school.
9. If both husband and wife have jobs, the husband should do a share of the housework such as washing dishes and doing the laundry.*
10. Boys are better leaders than girls.
11. Girls should be more concerned with becoming good wives and mother than desiring a professional or business career.
12. Girls should have the same freedoms as boys.*
*Items are reverse scored
4-point Likert scale
Agree strongly - 1
Disagree strongly - 4
Item scores are averaged to create the total scale score. Higher scores indicate less traditional attitudes toward women.
Galambos, N. L., Petersen, A. C., Richards, M., & Gitelson, I. B. (1985). The Attitudes Toward Women Scale for Adolescents (AWSA): A study of reliability and validity. Sex Roles, 13(5/6), 343-356. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00288090
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing