The Proactive Personality Scale

The Proactive Personality Scale is a 17-item measure which measures a personal disposition toward proactive behavior. In this measure, people with proactive personalities tend to scan for opportunities, show initiative, take action, and persevere until they reach closure by bringing about change.


Geographies Tested: United States of America

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults


1. I am constantly on the lookout for new ways to improve my life
2. I feel driven to make a difference in my community, and maybe the world
3. I tend to let others take the initiative to start new projects*
4. Wherever I have been, I have been a powerful force for constructive change
5. I enjoy facing and overcoming obstacles to my ideas
6. Nothing is more exciting than seeing my ideas turn into reality
7. If I see something I don’t like, I fix it
8. No matter what the odds, if I believe in something I will make it happen
9. I love being a champion for my ideas, even against others' opposition
10. I excel at identifying opportunities
11. I am always looking for better ways to do things
12. If I believe an idea, no obstacle will prevent me from making it happen
13. I love to challenge the status quo
14. When I have a problem, I tackle it head-on
15. I am great at turning problems into opportunities
16. I can spot a goof opportunity long before others can
17. If I see someone in trouble, I help out in any way I can

Response Options:
7- Point Likert scale
Not at all proactive - 1
Extremely proactive - 7

*Item is reverse scored

Scoring Procedures

The mean score of the 17 items is calculated for the total scale score.

Original Citation

Bateman, T. S., & Crant, J. M. (1993). The proactive component of organizational behavior: A measure and correlates. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 14, 103-118.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


Join the EMERGE Community

to get the latest updates on new measures and guidance for survey researchers