Measuring Women’s Economic Empowerment

Recommended Measures for Use in Survey Research

RECOMMENDED  MEASURES FOR USE IN SURVEY RESEARCH
Women’s economic empowerment measures must assess women and girls’ capacities and capabilities to a) alter or advance their economic circumstances and b) control economic decisions in their lives. This requires both internal capacities (e.g., skills, self-efficacy); external assets, resources, and opportunities; and a social context supportive of gender equality and safety as well as social norms reinforcing these. Here we focus our modules on women’s agency, safety, and social/digital connectivity in spheres of household, public spaces, community, and workplace. Please see our Social Norms page for norms and attitudes related to these issues.

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Last updated on 12 December 2020.

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This work is supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (Grant: OPP1163682.)