MEASUREMENT

Evidence-based Measures of Empowerment for Research on Gender Equality

Photograph by Prashant Panjiar © Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

SOCIAL

The social dimension includes measures that capture structure, type, or quality of relationships with other people, groups, or social entities. This can include collective efficacy, social capital, network, or social support measures.

 High Psychometric Score Short Measure Multi-Country

GENDER ROLE NORMS

+ View Afro Barometer Survey Round 7 2018: Equal Opportunities for Men and Women 

+ View Asian Barometer Survey Wave 4 2013-2016: Traditionalism

+ View An Updated Measure for Assessing Subtle Rape Myths

+ View Arab Barometer Survey Wave 4 2018: Principles Determining Women’s Behaviour and Situation 

+ View Asian Barometer Survey Wave 4 2013-2016: Authoritarian/Democratic Values

+ View Attitudes Prevalent in our Society Towards Men and Women

+ View Attitudes Towards Girl Child Marriage Measure

+ View Attitude Towards Contraception Use in Marriage Measure

+ View Attitude Towards Marital Choice Measure

+ View Attitude Toward Prevalence of Domestic Violence Incidents

+ View Attitudes and Perceptions Toward Pregnancy Measure

+ View Attitudes toward Women Scale (AWS) – Short Version

+ View Community-Level Restrictive Gender Norms 

+ View Date and Acquaintance Rape Avoidance Scale

+ View Equitable Attitudes within Relationships Scale

+ View Gender Equitable Men (GEM) Scale – Brazil Measure

+ View Gender Equitable Men (GEM) Scale – Uganda Measure

+ View Gender Equity Scale

+ View Gender Norms Around Domestic Violence

+ View Gender Norms Instrument Measure

+ View Gender Norms Regarding Contraception

+ View Gender Relations Scale

+ View Gendered Norms about Romantic Engagement Early in Adolescence

+ View General Attitudes and Goals

+ View The Global Problem Assessment

+ View Ideas/Beliefs about Men and How They Should Act in our Society

+ View Ideas/Beliefs about Women and How They Should Act in our Society

+ View IHDS-2: Gender relations: Widows

+ View IHDS-2: Marital History

+ View IHDS-2: Marital History: Choice of Spouse

+ View IHDS-2: Marital Norms and Practices

+ View Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale (IRMA)

+ View Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale – Short Form (IRMA-SF)

+ View Index of Patriarchy

+ View Internalized Misogyny Scale

+ View Labor Market Panel Survey-Jordan: Marriage, Fertility and Women’s Status

+ View Macho Scale

+ View Male Role Norms Inventory

+ View Male Role Norms Inventory- Revised

+ View The Man Box Measure

+ View Multicultural Masculinity Ideology Scale

+ View Normative Expectations

+ View Perceived Stigma Scale

+ View Perceptions of Policymakers on Attention Given to Gender Equality in Policy Measure

+ View Perceptions of Policymakers on Priority for Gender Equality by Policy Area Measure

+ View Rape Attitudes and Beliefs Scale

+ View Relative Autonomy Index

+ View Relative Autonomy Index-Rural Nepal

+ View Restrictive Gender Attitudes 

+ View Rights and Privileges of Males Scale

+ View Sexual Myths Scale (SMS)—Turkey

+ View Social Norms and Beliefs about Gender Based Violence Scale

+ View Social Norms Related to Household Gender Roles

+ View Support for Traditional Gender Roles (Male Dominance) Scale

+ View Teasing/Bullying Adolescents Preferring to Play with the Opposite Sex Measure 

+ View WHO World Mental Health-CIDI: Marriage

+ View Women’s Agency in Egypt Measure

GENDER ROLE IDEOLOGIES

+ View Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Stigma Scale

+ View Afro Barometer Survey Round 7 2018: Equal Opportunities for Men and Women 

+ View Afro Barometer Survey Round 7 2018: Political leaders

+ View Arab Barometer Survey Wave 4 2018: Principles Determining Women’s Behaviour and Situation 

+ View Attitudes Prevalent in our Society Towards Men and Women

+ View Attitudes Toward Gender Based Violence

+ View Attitudes Toward Gender Norms

+ View Attitudes Towards Girl Child Marriage Measure

+ View Attitude Towards Contraception Use in Marriage Measure

+ View Attitude Towards Marital Choice Measure

+ View Attitude Toward Prevalence of Domestic Violence Incidents

+ View Attitude Towards Rape Victims Scale

+ View Attitudes Towards Roles and Rights of Women and Girls

+ View Attitudes and Perceptions Toward Pregnancy Measure

+ View Attitudes toward Women Scale (AWS) – Short Version

+ View Belief in Women’s Right to Refuse Sex Scale 

+ View Community-Level Restrictive Gender Norms 

+ View Continuation of Schooling Measure

+ View Culture Conducive to Women’s Academic Success Measure

+ View Date and Acquaintance Rape Avoidance Scale

+ View Equitable Attitudes within Relationships Scale

+ View Equity for Girls Scale

+ View Gender Equitable Men (GEM) Scale – Brazil Measure

+ View Gender Equitable Men (GEM) Scale – Uganda Measure

+ View Gender Equity Scale

+ View Gender Norms Instrument Measure

+ View Gender Relations Scale

+ View Gender Role Belief Scale 

+ View Gender Role Belief Scale Short Version 

+ View General Attitudes and Goals

+ View Global Attitudes Survey 2018: Perception and Attitude Towards Changing State of Gender Equality

+ View Health-Risk Behavior Inventory for Chinese Adolescents (HBICA)

+ View Health Workers’ Voices in Open, Inclusive Communities and Effective Spaces (VOICES)

+ View Hypermasculinity Inventory

+ View IHDS-2: About Youth (15-18): Marital Practices

+ View IHDS-2: Health Beliefs Around Contraception and Reproductive Health 

+ View Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale (IRMA)

+ View Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale – Short Form (IRMA-SF)

+ View Ideas/Beliefs about Men and How They Should Act in our Society

+ View Ideas/Beliefs about Women and How They Should Act in our Society

+ View Index of Patriarchy

+ View Internalized Misogyny Scale

+ View Justifiable Actions

+ View Labour Force Gender Index 

+ View Labor Market Panel Survey-Jordan: Gender Attitudes

+ View Labor Market Panel Survey-Jordan: Marriage, Fertility and Women’s Status

+ View Male Role Norms Inventory

+ View Male Role Norms Inventory- Revised

+ View Masculine Gender Role Stress Scale

+ View Men’s Behavior and Division of Tasks

+ View Men’s Personal Views on Household Division of Tasks

+ View Multicultural Masculinity Ideology Scale

+ View Moral Disengagement in Sexual Harassment (MDiSH) Scale

+ View Negotiated Spaces for Women’s Health

+ View No Party to Violence: Analyzing Violence Against Women in Political Parties

+ View Normative Expectations

+ View Parental Expectations Measure

+ View Participation in Collective Action Scale

+ View Partner Violence Norms Scale 

+ View Perception of Women Politician’s Competency

+ View Political Leadership Measure

+ View Political Participation and Mobilization Measure 

+ View Relative Autonomy Index

+ View Relative Autonomy Index-Rural Nepal

+ View Restrictive Gender Attitudes 

+ View Right to Employment Measure

+ View Rights and Privileges of Males Scale

+ View Scale of Economic Abuse – 12

+ View Self Efficacy to Ask Husband to Help with Household Duties Scale

+ View Self Efficacy to Attend Community Meetings Scale

+ View Self Efficacy to Speak out in Community Meetings Scale

+ View Sexual Assertiveness Scale

+ View Sexual Experiences Questionnaire-Workplace

+ View Social Norms and Beliefs about Gender Based Violence Scale

+ View Social Norms Related to Household Gender Roles

+ View Stigmatizing Attitudes, Beliefs, and Actions Scale (SABAS)

+ View Stigmatizing Attitudes, Beliefs, and Actions Scale (SABAS)-Exclusion and Discrimination

+ View Stigmatizing Attitudes, Beliefs, and Actions Scale (SABAS)-Negative Stereotyping of Women

+ View Support for Traditional Gender Roles (Male Dominance) Scale

+ View Teasing/Bullying Adolescents Preferring to Play with the Opposite Sex Measure 

+ View Traditional Masculinity-Femininity Scale  

+ View The Man Box Measure 

+ View Woman’s Role in Household Decision-Making

+ View Women’s Agency in Egypt Measure

+ View Women’s Agency Scale

+ View Women’s Empowerment in Rural Bangladesh Measure

+ View Women’s Entrepreneurship Measure 

+ View Women’s Social and Economic Empowerment Measure

+ View Women’s Participation in Household Decision Making

+ View Women’s Personal Views on Household Division of Tasks

+ View Women’s Voices in Open, Inclusive Communities and Effective Spaces (VOICES)

MOBILITY

+ View Access to Essential Goods and Amenities, Mobility, and Psychological Fortitude

+ View Adolescent Empowerment Measure-Behavioral Control and Decision Making 

+ View Adolescent Empowerment Measure-Freedom of Movement 

+ View Asian Barometer Survey Wave 4 2013-2016: Internet and Social Media 

+ View Attitudes Prevalent in our Society Towards Men and Women

+ View Attitude Toward Prevalence of Domestic Violence Incidents 

+ View Balance of Power Measure

+ View Barriers to Women’s Mobile Phone Access

+ View Belief in Women’s Health Rights Subscale

+ View Coercive Control Measure

+ View Community Mobilization Measure (CMM)

+ View Date and Acquaintance Rape Avoidance Scale

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Access to Family

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Spousal Control

+ View Empowerment Indicators in Bangladesh Measure

+ View Experiences of Sexual Harassment in Public Spaces

+ View Extra-Familial Interaction Measure

+ View Factors Affecting Women’s Safety in Public Spaces

+ View Female Mobility Scale 

+ View Gender Equity Scale Measure

+ View Health Workers’ Voices in Open, Inclusive Communities and Effective Spaces (VOICES)

+ View Household Decision Making Scale 

+ View IHDS-2: Gender relations: Mobility

+ View Indian Family Violence and Control Scale (IFVCS)

+ View Individual Experience of Household Empowerment

+ View Labor Market Panel Survey-Jordan: Marriage, Fertility and Women’s Status

+ View Negotiated Spaces for Women’s Health

+ View NFHS4 Measure of Mobility Outside the Home or Community

+ View Participation in Collective Action Scale

+ View Self Efficacy to Go to Health Facility Scale Measure

+ View Sexual Relationship Power Scale

+ View Social Institutions Gender Index (SIGI) 

+ View Survey-based Women’s emPowERment (SWPER) Index

+ View Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities-Japan: Travel and Excursion Measure

+ View Time Use – Guatemala

+ View VACS Community Perception

+ View VACS Sexual Violence-Touching without Consent

+ View Women’s Access to Mobile Phones

+ View Women’s Agency in Egypt

+ View Women’s Empowerment in Rural Bangladesh Measure

+ View Women’s Mobile Phone Handset Ownership

+ View Women’s Mobile Phone Usage   

+ View Women’s SIM Card Ownership and Credit Refill

+ View Women’s Voices in Open, Inclusive Communities and Effective Spaces (VOICES)

SOCIAL SUPPORT

+ View Attitudes and Perceptions toward Pregnancy

+ View Community Capacity Index

+ View Community Capacity Instrument 

+ View Collective Efficacy 

+ View Collective Efficacy Scale 

+ View Collective Efficacy Among Children: Afterschool Connectedness Subscale

+ View Collective Efficacy Among Children: Willingness to Intervene Subscale

+ View Community Organization Participation-Uganda

+ View Community Support in Times of Crises: If Beaten by Husband

+ View Community Support in Times of Crises: When Pregnant and Bleeding

+ View Coping Strategy Questionnaire

+ View Culture Conducive to Women’s Academic Success Measure

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8 Domestic Violence Module: Help-Seeking & Disclosure

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Spousal Control

+ View Female Sex Worker (FSW) Collective Efficacy for Addressing Problems

+ View General Collective Efficacy

+ View Global Barometer Survey Wave 2: Social Capital

+ View Household Assets Measure

+ View Men’s Collective Efficacy 

+ View Modified Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey

+ View MOS Social Support Measure

+ View Oslo Social Support Scale (OSSS-3)

+ View Parental Expectations Measure

+ View RCOPE

+ View RCOPE – Short Form

+ View Social Cohesion for Protective Sexual Behavior Among Sex Workers

+ View Social Cohesion Scale

+ View Social Support Among Older Adults Scale

+ View Survey on Time Use and Leisure Activities-Japan: Volunteer Activities Measure

+ View Tangible, Informational, Emotional Social Support Survey Measure

+ View The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support

+ View The Social Support Inventory

+ View VACS Community Perception

+ View VACS Help-Seeking and Services after Sexual Incident

+ View VACS Services Received for Violence

+ View Women’s Collective Efficacy