Reproductive Coercion-Pregnancy Coercion

Reproductive Coercion-Pregnancy Coercion is a 6-item measure of a partner's attempts to assert control over a woman's reproductive health trajectories. This is a modified version of the Reproductive Coercion Scale developed in the United States and adapted for other country contexts.


Geographies Tested: Burkina Faso,Democratic Republic of the Congo,Cote d'Ivoire,India,Kenya,Niger,Nigeria,Uganda

Populations Included: Female

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults


In the past year has your husband or partner...

1. Made you feel bad or treated you badly for wanting to use a family planning method?
2. Tried to force or pressure you to become pregnant?
3. Said he would leave you if you did not get pregnant?
4. Told you he would have a baby with someone else if you did not get pregnant?
5. Taken away your family planning or kept you from going to the clinic to get family planning?
6. Hurt you physically because you did not get pregnant?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 0

Scoring Procedures

Past-year experience of reproductive coercion is measured by an affirmative response to any of the 6 situations.

Original Citation

Wood, S. N., Thomas, H. L., Guiella, G., Bazie, F., Mosso, R., Fassassi, R., Akilimali, P. Z., Thiongo, M., Gichangi, P., Oumarou, S., OlaOlorun, F. M., Omoluabi, E., Khanna, A., Kibira, S. P. S., Makumbi, F., & Decker, M. R. (2023). Prevalence and correlates of reproductive coercion across ten sites: commonalities and divergence. Reproductive Health, 20(1), 22.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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