Women's Health and Life Experiences - Malaysia

The Women's Health and Life Experiences- Malaysia questionnaire is an adaptation of the 20 item survey developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to assess experiences of intimate partner violence among women. The questionnaire measures four types of intimate partner violence: controlling behaviors (CB), emotional violence (EV), physical violence (PV), and sexual violence (SV).


Geographies Tested: Malaysia

Populations Included: Female

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults


Respondents are asked if the following situaations had ever been true for them in experiences with a partner.

Controlling behaviors (CB)
1. Tried to keep you from seeing your friends
2. Tried to restrict contact with your family of birth
3. Insisted on knowing where you are at all times
4. Ignored you and treated you indifferently
5. Got angry if you spoke with another man
6. Was often suspicious that you are unfaithful
7. Expected you to ask his permission before seeking health care for yourself

Response Options:
Don't know

Emotional violence (EV)
8. Insulted you or made you feel bad about yourself
9. Belittled or humiliated you in front of other people
10. Done things to scare or intimidate you on purpose (e.g., by the way he looked at you, by yelling and smashing things)
11. Threatened to hurt you or someone you care about

Physical violence (PV)
12. Slapped you or thrown something at you that could hurt you
13. Pushed you or shoved you or pulled your hair
14. Hit you with his fist or with something else that could hurt you
15. Kicked you, dragged you, or beaten you up
16. Choked or burnt you on purpose
17. Threatened to use or actually used a gun, knife, or other weapon against you

Sexual violence (SV)
18. Physically forced you to have sexual intercourse when you did not want to
19. Ever had sexual intercourse you did not want to because you were afraid of what your partner or any other partner might do
20. Ever forced you to do something sexual that you found degrading or humiliating

Response Options:

Scoring Procedures

Not Applicable

Original Citation

Saddki, N., Sulaiman, Z., Ali, S. H., Tengku Hassan, T. N., Abdullah, S., Ab Rahman, A., Tengku Ismail, T. A., Abdul Jalil, R., & Baharudin, Z. (2013). Validity and reliability of the Malay version of WHO Women's Health and Life Experiences Questionnaire. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 28(12), 2557-2580.

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