Male Role Norms Inventory Short Form (MRNI-SF)

The Male Role Norms Inventory–Short Form (MRNI-SF) is a 21-item measure of traditional masculinity ideology norms that has been adapted from the longer Male Role Norms Inventory-Revised. This instrument also contains 7 subscales: restrictive emotionality, self-reliance through mechanical skills, negativity toward sexual minorities, avoidance of femininity, importance of sex, dominance, and toughness.


Geographies Tested: United States of America

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults


F1: Restrictive Emotionality (RE)
1. A man should never admit when others hurt his feelings.
2. Men should be detached in emotionally charged situations.
3. Men should not be too quick to tell others that they care about them.

F2: Self-Reliance through Mechanical Skills (SR).
4. Men should have home improvement skills.
5. Men should be able to fix most things around the house.
6. A man should know how to repair his car if it should break down.

Negativity toward Sexual Minorities (NT)
7. Homosexuals should never marry.
8. All homosexual bars should be closed down.
9. Homosexuals should never kiss in public.

F4: Avoidance of Femininity (AF)
10. Men should watch football games instead of soap operas.
11. A man should prefer watching action movies to reading romantic novels.
12. Boys should prefer to play with trucks rather than dolls.

F5: Importance of Sex (IS)
13. Men should always like to have sex.
14. A man should not turn down sex.
15. A man should always be ready for sex.

Dominance (Do)
16. The President of the U.S. should always be a man.
17. Men should be the leader in any group.
18. A man should always be the boss.

Toughness (T)
19. It is important for a man to take risks, even if he might get hurt.
20. When the going gets tough, men should get tough.
21. I think a young man should try to be physically tough, even if he’s not big.

Response Options:
7-point Likert Scale
Disagree strongly - 1
Agree strongly - 7

Scoring Procedures

The mean score is calculated for each subscale as well as the total instrument. Scores range from 1-7. The higher the score, the higher levels of endorsement of traditional masculinity ideology.

Original Citation

Levant, R. F., Hall, R. J., & Rankin, T. J. (2013). Male Role Norms Inventory-Short Form (MRNI-SF): Development, confirmatory factor analytic investigation of structure, and measurement invariance across gender. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 60(2), 228-238.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


Join the EMERGE Community

to get the latest updates on new measures and guidance for survey researchers