Gender Role Conflict Scale-Short Form (GRCS-SF)

The Gender Role Conflict Scale -Short Form (GRCS-SF) is a 16-item version of the full Gender Role Conflict Scale (GRCS) measuring men's reactions to inconsistent and unrealistic gender role expectations they face. The measure has four sub-dimensions: a) restricted emotionality, b) success, power and competition, c) restricted affectionate behavior between men, and d) conflicts between work and family relations.


Geographies Tested: United States of America

Populations Included: Male

Age Range:


Restricted Emotionality
1. Talking (about my feelings) during sexual relations is difficult for me.
2. I have difficulty expressing my emotional needs to my partner.
3. I have difficulty expressing my tender feelings.
4. I do not like to show my emotions to other people.

Success, Power, and Competition
5. Winning is a measure of my value and personal worth.
6. I strive to be more successful than others.
7. Being smarter or physically stronger than other men is important to me.
8. I like to feel superior to other people.

Restrictive Affectionate Behavior Between Men
9. Affection with other men makes me tense.
10. Men who touch other men make me uncomfortable.
11. Hugging other men is difficult for me.
12. Being very personal with other men makes me feel uncomfortable.

Conflicts Between Work and Family Relations
13. Finding time to relax is difficult for me.
14. My needs to work or study keep me from my family or leisure more than I would like.
15. My work or school often disrupts other parts of my life (home, health, leisure, etc).
16. Overwork and stress, caused by a need to achieve on the job or in school, affectshurts my life.

Response Options:
6 point Likert Scale
Strongly disagree - 1
Strongly agree - 6

Scoring Procedures

Not Available

Original Citation

Wester, S. R., Vogel, D. L., O'Neil, J. M., & Danforth, L. (2012). Development and evaluation of the Gender Role Conflict Scale Short Form (GRCS-SF). Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 13(2), 199-210.

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Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








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